introduce

Vietnam tourism is considered by the State of Vietnam as a spearhead economic sector because it believes that Vietnam has a diverse and rich tourism potential. In 2012, the number of international visitors to Vietnam was 6.8 million, domestic visitors reached 32.5 million. [2] Vietnam tourism revenue in 2009 reached from VND 68,000 to VND 70,000 billion, VND 160,000 billion in 2012 [2]. Tourism contributes 5% to Vietnam's GDP [3]

In 2013, the number of international visitors to Vietnam was 7.57 million, [4] domestic visitors reached 35 million. [5] Vietnam tourism revenue in 2013 reached about VND 200,000 billion. [6]

According to Vietnam National Administration of Tourism, Vietnam's tourism industry attracted nearly 8 million international visitors in 2014, [7] 32-35 million domestic tourists, the expected number of 2020 is 11-12 million international visitors. ; 45-48 million domestic tourists. Revenue from tourism is expected to reach USD 18-19 billion in 2020. [8]

However, Vietnam's tourism industry for many years, is also being alarmed about "tight slashing", bullying, weak infrastructure and poor service quality, poor management, creating an impression. bad for visitors. [9] [10] [11] From more than 20 years of tourism development, Vietnam only focuses on natural exploitation and lacks strategic development orientation, investment in a methodical way for tourism, and less far from other countries in the region. [3] And yet there has not been a stage, any national performing theater, enough to introduce to international visitors, to diversify tourism products. [3]

Tourism has an increasingly important role in Vietnam. For tourists, they explore culture and nature, beaches and American and French veterans, Vietnam is becoming a new tourist destination in Southeast Asia. [12]

Projects investing in tourism properties along the coast more than 3,000 km and in and major cities are growing rapidly. Tourism services are increasingly diverse. Local and international tour operators offer tours of ethnic minority villages, walking and bike tours, kayaking and traveling abroad for Vietnamese and special travelers. especially with neighboring countries Cambodia, Laos and Thailand. In addition, thanks to the relaxation of regulations on travel, exit, foreign tourists have been able to travel freely in the country since 1997.

Vietnam's economy is transforming from agriculture to a service economy. More than one-third of the total domestic product is generated by services, which include hotels and industrial and transportation services. Producers and builders (28%) of agriculture, and fisheries (20%) and mining (10%). [13]

Meanwhile, tourism contributes 4.5% of the gross domestic product (2007 time). More and more foreign direct investment projects are pouring into the tourism industry. After heavy industries and urban development, most foreign investment has been focused on tourism, especially in hotel projects. [14]

With great potential, since 2001, Vietnam Tourism has been planned and oriented by the government to become a key economic sector [15]. Although the "Vietnam Tourism Development Strategy 2001 - 2010" has some targets not achieved [15], since 2011, "Vietnam tourism development strategy to 2020, vision to 2030" has been approved by the Prime Minister of Vietnam on December 30, 2011 to continue. [16] [17] However, there are also many opinions that, in practice, it is necessary to do a lot for the tourism industry to really become "key" and the word "potential" becomes "capable". [18] [ 19]

In 2015, the Department of Cultural Heritage announced the number of visitors to Vietnam tourist spots, leading the way to the Trang An Scenic Area to welcome more than 5 million visitors, followed by Ha Long Bay. 2.5 million visitors, Hue ancient capital ranked third with more than 2 million visitors, Hoi An ancient town welcomed about 1.1 million visitors